This week folks are again focused on a failing CEO and one that has a severance package which falls between $160M and $60M, regardless of how you do the math. First, this reminds me that clearly I haven’t done a great job of negotiating my own severance package. Second, this is a reminder that the reason Mayer failed was the Yahoo board. It really wasn’t her fault.
You see, if you take someone from another industry who has no experience in a job and basically throw them to the wolves, they will fail. This holds just as true for an entry level employee as it does for a CEO. There is really no excuse for that, particularly when there is a multi-million dollar penalty the company has to pay if the employee fails.
Let’s talk about why Marissa Mayer failed.
The Google Fallacy
It doesn’t matter what company name I put in here; there is an ongoing fallacy that folks that come out of successful companies are themselves inherently more valuable. They may be, but only if they had a major hand in the success, operated largely alone, and their new job is very similar to what they had successfully done in the old one.
Not every aspect of a successful company is, in and of itself, successful. Let’s take Apple. The company is strong on design, quality is good, supply chain is good, it has decent product marketing, and pays its employees pretty well. They suck at partnering, selling to companies, web services, corporate marketing, and government relations. And not everyone on their design team is a champ, either. Look at the butt ugly new battery pack for the iPhone. Finally, even if a company is good at something, there is a good chance the person you are interviewing is leaving there because they suck at it and either aren’t being advanced or are in the process of being managed out of the firm.
So if you look at Marissa Mayer, she had been passed over for promotion at Google, was largely in marketing (something that Google does very poorly) and she had no notable experience as either a CEO or in a media company. Her biggest major asset was her experience on the Google startup team, but Yahoo wasn’t a startup anymore. So nearly nothing in her background should have given anyone confidence she could be a CEO, even at Google.
Image Over Substance
The one thing the Google pedigree did provide was a connection to the Google brand. This made it at least look like the Yahoo board had made a home run and brought in someone with the requisite skills. Like a lot of boards, it appears they just tossed Mayer into the deep end and wished her an insincere “good luck” with no visible back-up or help. Worse, the most experienced person on her executive team was Ross Levinsohn, who had been interim CEO and was more qualified. But rather than assuring that he stayed and worked with Mayer as a team, he was disenfranchised and effectively pushed out of the company. So they traded someone with experience and knowledge of Yahoo (and who was far cheaper) for someone that had a Google background but not the experience needed to do the job. The trade was unnecessary. Yahoo needed Levinsohn, or someone like him, more than they needed Mayer.
So, in effect, Mayer was set up to lose and given a $100M bonus if she, in fact, did fail.
Yahoo’s last three CEOs have been poor choices. Carol Bartz was an experienced CEO, but from a package-focused software company and didn’t understand Yahoo’s industry. Scott Thompson wasn’t properly vetted and was found to have lied about his education (and realistically, an experienced CEO’s education has little absolute value, it is their job history that is important-so he got fired for lying about something that didn’t really matter). And now Merissa Mayer had neither the job experience nor the background to be successful. You have to stop and look at Yahoo’s board and ask yourself whether they are the real problem. At any other level, if a manager has a long string of failed employees, at some point you realize it isn’t the employees that are the problem. It’s the manager. In this case, Marissa Mayer’s failure is Yahoo board’s fault. If Yahoo is to be fixed, that effort now has to start with the board.
President and Principal Analyst, Enderle Group
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