Could 'Low-Float' Initial Public Offerings Lead to Another Bubble?

By Ed Silverstein June 10, 2011

Watching how LinkedIn limited the number of shares it sold in a recent IPO, other technology companies may also see that scarcity will cause a higher share value and possibly lead to a dot-com bubble, according to media reports.

Bloomberg News described the approach as a “low-float offering.” Pandora Media Inc. and Zynga Inc. are doing similarly, Bloomberg adds.

The demand for Internet companies and the shortage of shares could mean that the companies get higher valuations than they expected for the IPOs, Francis Gaskins, president of, told Bloomberg.

“You have people overly excited,” Gaskins said in a statement to Bloomberg. “It’s a supply-demand thing. There’s not that much supply, and there’s pumped-up demand.”

And by selling an amount which is lower than one-tenth of its shares, LinkedIn, Zynga and Pandora are offering less than half the typical amount, says Bloomberg.

LinkedIn’s shares more than doubled after the IPO, and the company was valued at $8.91 billion. In fact, LinkedIn increased 109 percent on its first day of trading, TechZone360 said.

Similarly, Groupon Inc. expects to sell a “small piece” of the company in its IPO, the company said. It could get a value of about $25 billion, Bloomberg said.

In addition, The Associated Press reported, in a story carried last month by TechZone360, that the market for IPOs has emerged from “a long drought.” Kathleen Smith, a principal at Renaissance Capital, projects that if companies continue to have IPOs at the current rate, over 200 companies would raise $50 billion in 2011.

“It would easily be the best year for IPOs since the Internet bubble popped,” The Associated Press adds.

"2011 could be the best year since 2000," Smith commented.

But there are many differences between the former bubble and where current tech companies are.

Companies having IPOs now are probably profitable, but before the companies were “promising” they would be profitable, The AP said.

Renaissance Capital said that “70 percent of companies that went public in the tech bubble were losing money. Today, 70 percent of companies that go public have already turned a profit,” according to The AP.

Ed Silverstein is a TechZone360 contributor. To read more of his articles, please visit his columnist page.

Edited by Rich Steeves

TechZone360 Contributor

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