Advances in technology mean that a cybersecurity policy is as important as a physical security policy. Companies are now more vulnerable to attacks on their computers than they are on their premises.
Cybersecurity is the responsibility of every employee who has or accesses a computer that belongs to the company. Standardized rules are essential so that everyone knows what is expected of them. Mediation of such a policy is vital so that employees understand the contents of the policy and the implications of violating it.
Here are some critical features of a sound cybersecurity policy:
1. Data confidentiality
The necessity of protecting company data is self-explanatory but should nevertheless be included in the cybersecurity policy. Employees should be instructed to preserve data integrity and avoid security breaches.
Confidential data includes, but is not limited to:
2. Protection of devices
Both company and personal devices such as computers, tablets, and phones must be secure. Employees often use their personal devices for work purposes, and this is the most convenient point of access for hackers.
Guidelines for the protection of devices:
3. Email scams
When employees access their email accounts, they should do so with caution. Email scams are easy to set up and expose the company system to malware such as worms.
Email security guidelines:
4. Password management
One of the weakest links in many organizations is the failure of employees to take the issue of passwords seriously. Simple passwords are easy to hack and will lead to a data security breach.
Guidelines for password management:
Employees need to know where to report problems with cybersecurity. A good policy lays out the procedure when:
Proactive behavior on the part of employees can help the IT department protect the company’s computer system.
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