Getting Started with GitOps for Amazon Lambda


What Is AWS Lambda?

AWS Lambda is a serverless compute service provided by Amazon Web Services (AWS) that allows developers to run code without provisioning or managing servers. With Lambda, you can upload your code to the AWS cloud and Lambda automatically scales and runs your code in response to incoming requests or events. Lambda can also conserve AWS costs because serverless functions only run when needed, eliminating the need to run entire compute instances for long periods of time.

Lambda is designed to be event-driven, which means it responds to triggers such as changes to data in an Amazon S3 bucket or updates to a database. It can also be integrated with other AWS services such as API Gateway, SNS, and SQS, and supports various programming languages such as Node.js, Python, Java, and Go.

What Is GitOps?

GitOps is a software development approach that emphasizes using Git repositories as the primary source of truth for managing infrastructure and applications. With GitOps, all changes to infrastructure and application configurations are made through Git commits, triggering an automated pipeline that deploys the changes to the target environment.

The key principles of GitOps include:

  • Infrastructure and application configurations are version controlled and stored in Git repositories.
  • Changes to the configuration are made through pull requests, which are reviewed and approved by team members.
  • Deployments are automated, and the pipeline is triggered by Git events, such as a new commit to the master branch.
  • Observability is built-in, and all changes to the system are auditable and visible through Git history.

GitOps is particularly suited for cloud-native environments, where infrastructure and applications are deployed using containers and Kubernetes. It enables teams to manage large and complex systems more efficiently, with the ability to roll back changes easily, reduce errors, and improve collaboration between development and operations teams.

Why Use GitOps?

GitOps provides several benefits that make it an attractive approach for managing infrastructure and applications. Here are some of the advantages:

  • Increased productivity: By using GitOps, development teams can automate the entire software delivery process, including infrastructure provisioning, testing, and deployment. This reduces manual effort and increases the speed at which teams can deliver new features and improvements.
  • Enhanced developer experience: GitOps enables developers to work in a familiar environment, using tools and workflows they already know. This reduces the learning curve for new team members and enhances the developer experience.
  • Improved stability: GitOps provides a consistent and repeatable process for deploying infrastructure and applications. This reduces the risk of errors and improves the stability of the system.
  • Higher reliability: With GitOps, all changes to the system are version-controlled and auditable. This provides a high level of visibility into the system and makes it easier to troubleshoot and resolve issues.
  • Consistency and standardization: GitOps ensures that all deployments follow the same process, which improves consistency and standardization across the system. This is particularly important for large and complex systems, where consistency is critical to maintaining reliability and stability.
  • Stronger security guarantees: By using GitOps, infrastructure and application configurations are stored in Git repositories, which provides a secure and auditable way to manage changes. This makes it easier to maintain compliance with security regulations and policies.

Getting Started with GitOps for Amazon Lambda

Getting started with GitOps for Amazon Lambda involves using a version control system like Git to manage and automate the deployment of your Lambda function. The process involves creating a Git repository for your Lambda function, defining your infrastructure as code, setting up a deployment pipeline, integrating it with AWS Lambda, and monitoring your function.

First, you need to create a Git repository that will store your Lambda function code and configuration files. You can use a hosted Git service like GitHub, GitLab, or AWS CodeCommit to store your repository.

Next, define your infrastructure as code by creating a CloudFormation, AWS SAM, or Terraform template that includes your Lambda function and any associated resources such as IAM roles, policies, and S3 buckets. These templates define the desired state of your infrastructure and are stored in your Git repository.

After defining your infrastructure as code, you can set up a deployment pipeline that listens to your Git repository for changes. This pipeline automatically builds and deploys your Lambda function when changes are made to the code. You can use AWS CodePipeline, Jenkins, or GitLab CI/CD to create the pipeline.

Once you have set up your deployment pipeline, you need to integrate it with AWS Lambda. This can be done using the AWS CLI or an SDK to deploy your code to Lambda. You can also use other AWS services like AWS CodeDeploy, AWS CodeBuild, and AWS CloudFormation to automate your deployment.

Finally, it's important to monitor your Lambda functions using AWS CloudWatch. This ensures that your function is running correctly and that any issues are detected and resolved quickly.

By following these steps, you can implement GitOps for your Lambda functions and ensure that your infrastructure is automatically updated when changes are made to your Git repository. This helps to ensure consistency and improve collaboration between team members when managing infrastructure and application delivery. Additionally, GitOps provides greater visibility and traceability of changes made to your infrastructure, which can be useful for auditing and compliance purposes.


In conclusion, GitOps can help streamline your software delivery process, reduce manual effort, and increase reliability and consistency. By integrating GitOps with Amazon Lambda, you can automate your release process for serverless functions, making it easier to manage your Lambda code and configuration and deploy updates to your applications.

With the right tools and a solid understanding of GitOps principles, you can set up a pipeline that automatically builds, tests, and deploys your Lambda functions whenever changes are made to your Git repository. Whether you're just getting started with serverless development or you're looking to improve your existing workflows, GitOps can help you build and deploy better applications with greater speed and efficiency.

Author Bio: Gilad David Maayan

Gilad David Maayan is a technology writer who has worked with over 150 technology companies including SAP, Imperva, Samsung NEXT, NetApp and Check Point, producing technical and thought leadership content that elucidates technical solutions for developers and IT leadership. Today he heads Agile SEO, the leading marketing agency in the technology industry.


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